The State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructure and Mesoscopic Physics
The State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructure and Mesoscopic Physics is one of State Key Laboratories that are supported by the Science and Technology of Ministry of China. The Laboratory aims to be one of the leading laboratories in the field of mesoscopic physics and microphysics worldwide.
Currently, there are 62 regular faculties in the State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructure and Mesoscopic Physics, including 25 full professors, 10 tenured/tenure track assistant professors and 21 associate professors and 10 engineers. In the Laboratory, there are 5 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 Chang Jiang Scholars, 11 national distinguished young scholars supported by the National Science Foundation of China and 7 Trans-Century and New Century Excellent Talents. It has three innovative research groups that were supported by the National Science Foundation of China. What’s more, it was elected innovative research group by the Ministry of Science and Technology in the year 2014. It is now running several national key research projects supported by Ministry of Science and Technology. In the recent years, it has gained 4 second prizes for the National Natural Science Awards and more than 10 provincial level awards.
Some of members of the Laboratory have been involved in the service in the well-known international journals, i.e., Optics Letters, European Physical Letters and the honor fellowship of Optical Society of America.
The state key laboratory is composed of Institute of Condensed Matter Physics and Institute of Modern Optics. The laboratory is one of the national interdisciplinary research center of optical physics and condensed matter physics. The mission of this laboratory is to investigate the fundamental issues in the field of mesoscopic physics, especially, to boost the study in the field of material, life science and chemistry. Every year, the members of the state key laboratory published around 200 papers on the international journals, including Science, Nature nanotechnology, Nature Physics, Nature Photonics, Phys. Rev. Lett., Advanced Materials, Nano Letters, etc. The representative works can be found in the list from Institute of Condensed Matter Physics and Institute of Modern Optics. It is focusing not only on the advanced research, but also on fostering of high-level young scientists, i.e., PhD students, Postdocs, visiting scholars, etc. The laboratory also supports the high-level international or national collaborative research.
The main research fields of the Laboratory are listed as follows:
nMesoscopic optics and femtosecond optical physics:
1)Nanophotonics and ultrafast spectroscopy,
2)Femtosecond strong-field optical physics and coherent control,
3)Mesoscopic optical structure, material and nano/micro optical device;
nMesoscopic condensed matter physics and devices:
1)Nano semiconductors and optoelectronic physics,
2)Low-dimension nanostructure and physics,
nImportant application of mesoscopic physics:
1)Soft condensed matter physics,
2)Nano-level high resolution measurement,
3)Application of superconductor,
4)Photonic quantum chip.
The State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology
The State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology at Peking University (SKLNPT) is the first state key lab in the nuclear science field in China. In our school, it mainly consists of the Department of Technical Physics, the Institute of Heavy Ion Physics, the Institute of Theoretical Physics, with disciplines of Particle Physics & Nuclear Physics, Nuclear Technology & Applications, Theoretical Physics, Plasma Physics and High Energy Density Physics.
The Lab was initially approved in 2007 and formally established in 2010. It is composed of four major research directions:
nRadioactive nuclear beam physics;
nAccelerator physics and techniques;
nNuclear technique applications.
Actually there are about 80 staff members, 20 postdoc fellows and 200 graduate students working in this laboratory. The annual research budget of the lab is beyond 50 MCHY. In addition to carry on basic research experiments at large scale facilities world-wide, the lab provides low energy ion beams for the multidisciplinary research, based on the user facilities, such as the 2 x 6 MV tandem accelerator, the 4.5 MV Van De Graaff accelerator, the 2 x 1.7 MV tandem accelerator and the compact accelerator for14C AMS. Also several laboratories are formed to support the advanced technological research, including the Superconducting Accelerator Laboratory, the Laser Acceleration Laboratory and the Particle Detection Laboratory.
The Beijing Key Laboratory of Medical Physics and Engineering
The Beijing Key Laboratory of Medical Physics and Engineering (the laboratory) is a comprehensive laboratory which primarily focuses on medical physics and engineering. The research platform include: one 306-channel magnetoencephalography system, one 9.4T small animal MR system, three 3.0 T MR systems, 4 sets of EEG system, 3 sets of brain functional video stimulation system, 2 temperature sensory analyzers, 1 pulsing magnetic stimulator image navigation system, 1 pulsing magnetic stimulator, 1 small animal pulsing magnetic stimulator image navigation system, 1 small animal pulsing magnetic stimulator, and 1 high-speed computing platform.
Current research directions in the laboratory include:
nMedical Imaging Physics and Engineering,
nRadiotherapy physics and engineering,
nResearch on key technical issues of medical informatics.
Currently, the three key research foci of the laboratory are: the new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology, the new generation of quantum magnetoencephalography technology and the applications of brain imaging in brain mapping.
Electron Microscope Laboratory
Electron Microscope Laboratory (EML) in Peking University is a user facility center, which was founded in 1964, providing characterization services for more than 200 research groups in all schools/departments in Peking University. Now EML is equipped with 12 electron microscopes, including 6 transmission electron microscopes (TEMs), 3 scanning electron microscopes (SEMs), 2 Focused Ion Beam microscopes (FIBs) and 1 Helium Ion Microscope. There are two abreactions corrected TEMs for materials science, i.e., High energy resolution spherical aberration correction electron microscope Nion U-HERMES with energy resolution better than 8meV, and FEI Titan Cubed Themis transmission electron microscope with 60 pm in spatial resolution that is equipped with monochromator, double spherical aberration corrector, K2 IS camera, Bruker Super-X EDX detectors and a few in situ TEM holders. Besides, the Zeiss ORION NanoFab He ion microscope, FEI Titan Krios freeze electron microscope and ThermoFisher Helios G4 UX focused ion beam system are also the most advanced electron microscope in the world now. Totally, there are more than 40 large instruments with price more than 400,000 CNY for each. The total value of the instruments is about 150,000,000 CNY.
Now there are 11 staffs in the laboratory including 2 academicians of CAS, one ‘Youth 1000 Talent Program’ fellow. In the staff team, there are 8 with senior professional titles and 9 with a doctor's degree.
Center for High Energy Physics
In order to continuously develop and innovate high-energy physics in China and in the world, to attract cutting-edge talents at home and abroad, and also to speed up the pace of Peking University becoming a world-class university, Center for High Energy Physics was set up in Peking University on November 25th, 2006, as Prof. Tsung-Dao Lee was appointed as the director of the center. The core missions of the center are to promote exchanges and cooperation between scientists at home and abroad, to train a group of outstanding young scholars among some of the important High-energy physics areas so that they can be directly involved in scientific research frontiers. To achieve this mission, CHEP, PKU adhere to opening up at home and abroad, with the responsibility of serving the country while facing the world, will focus on high-energy physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics, cosmology physics and related cutting-edge researches. At the same time, CHEP actively promotes international exchanges and cooperation, aims to develop into a high-level academic research institution and become a world-renowned base in the high-energy physics research areas.
The Center for Quantitative Biology
The Center for Quantitative Biology (CQB, formally Center for Theoretical Biology) was established on September 17, 2001, as a result of the collective efforts of interested faculty members and the visionary support from Prof. TD Lee and Peking University (PKU) leadership. When AAIS was setup in 2006, CQB became one of its firstaffiliates. CQB’s mission is to promote research, education, international exchange and collaboration at the interface of physical and biological sciences and to become an international center for the emerging interdisciplinary field of Systems Biology. CQB is supported by PKU, Chinese Ministry of Education, Ministry of Science and Technology, and by National Natural Science Foundation of China as its first Interdisciplinary Innovation Group. CQB is located in the Building of Beijing Institute of Modern Physics, with faculty offices, visiting scholar offices, conference rooms, student offices, computer room, and quantitative biology laboratories. CQB provides an excellent interactive research and education environment for students, faculty and visitors.
Current research areas of CQB include: (i) systems biology; (ii) synthetic biology; (iii) computational biology and bioinformatics; (iv) disease mechanism and drug design from a system biology perspective. The goal of CQB is to become a leading research center in the field of system biology and to promote the development of quantitative life sciences. In recent years, CQB received a number of major funding supports from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China and the National Natural Science Foundation of China. Exciting and cutting-edge researches are being carried out at CQB, some of which have been published in prestigious journals such asCell, Science, Nature Chemistry, PNAS, PRL, JACS, Angew Chem.
Up to 2018, CQB has 21 principal investigators, including one member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, two Chang Jiang Scholars. More than 50 graduate students and 8 postdoctoral fellows are currently enrolled in CQB.
The Helium Recovery System
Because of the increasing demand of liquid helium from institutes within Peking University (including School of Physics, School of Chemistry, School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, School of Life Science and the NMR Center, etc.), a helium recovery system was supported by Peking University in 2012. After two years of construction by the School of Physics, the helium recovery system was officially founded on December 4th, 2014. The helium recovery system locates at the Precision Workshop and Nitrogen Supply department in the Jingong Building, and the total area is 170 square meters. One full-time engineer has been hired to assist in the construction as well as in the operation and management. The helium recovery system provides the service to institutes in Peking University, and it has provided more than 125k liter of liquid helium, worth 10 million CNY. The capacity of this system is 55-60 liquid per hour and the recovery rate can be higher than 92%.